Siddha maruthuvam is the oldest system of medicine practiced by the Dravidian society and was believed that they were founded by Chith-thars (men with high knowledge - supermen) several centuries ago.

Disease and Cause

When the normal equilibrium of three humors (vatha, pitha and kapha) is disturbed, disease is caused. The factors, which affect this equilibrium, are environment, climatic conditions, diet, physical activities, and stress. Under normal conditions, the ratio between these three humors (vatha, pitha and kapha) is 4:2:1 respectively.


In Tamil Medicine, diseases are diagnosed only with the help of the symptom that the patient says. Other factors that help in diagnosis are physical examination, pulse reading, tongue, color, speech, eyes, faces and urine, again the external symptoms!

Basic examination of siddha medicine


The treatment in Siddha medicine is aimed at keeping the three humors in equilibrium and maintenance of seven elements. So proper diet, medicine and a disciplined regimen of life are advised for a healthy living and to restore equilibrium of humors in diseased condition. The treatment should be commenced as early as possible after assessing the course and cause of the disease. There are the easy treatments now days, even severe diseases can be cured easily.

According to the Siddha medicine system diet and life style play a major role not only in health but also in curing diseases.

This concept of the Siddha medicine is termed as pathya and apathya, which is essentially a list of do's and don’ts.


Human body is remaining same as from stone-age. Modern technologies and civilization make changes to this world. Diagnosis, treatment and medication improved a lot which is suitable for the current situation.